Service under the Later Tang
Meng Zhixiang was an army commander under the Later Tang Dynasty , which was in control of northern China. He commanded the forces that overthrew the Kingdom in 925, incorporating the kingdom into the . Meng remained in Chengdu as the military governor, all the while plotting the overthrow of authority and naming himself emperor.
Founder of the Later Shu
Meng Zhixiang got his chance to realize his ambitions as the Later Tang Dynasty was going through a period of decline in the mid-930s. The ’s relations with the had soured and in general, domestic governance within the dynasty had declined. In 934, Meng declared himself emperor, restoring the Kingdom that he helped to overthrow less than a decade earlier.
Although Meng Zhixiang did not reign long as emperor as he died the following year, his son, Meng Chang reigned very ably for three decades until the Song Dynasty incorporated the Later Shu into its domains during the process of reunifying the Chinese realm. Chengdu became a center of art and culture, especially the Amidst the Flowers Anthology and its importance in the development of .